International Civil Aviation Organization Standards

Passport standards are recommended to national governments by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).

Passports have numerical or alphanumerical designators (“serial number“) assigned by the issuing authority.

The standard format includes, on a passport cover, the name of the issuing country, a national symbol, a description of the document (passport, official passport, diplomatic passport), and, if the passport is biometric, the biometric-passport symbol. Inside, there is a title page, also naming the country. This is followed by a data page, on which there is information about the bearer and the issuing authority, although passports of some European Union member states provide that information on the inside back cover. There are blank pages available for foreign countries to affix visas, and to stamp for entries and exit.

Machine-readable passports are standardised by the ICAO.[3] There is a zone in which most of the information written as text is also printed in a manner suitable for optical character recognition.

To conform with ICAO standards, a biometric passport has an embedded radio-frequency identification (RFID) chip, which contains data about the passport holder, a photograph in digital format, and data about the passport itself. Many countries now issue biometric passports. The objectives for the biometric passports are to speed up clearance through immigration and the prevention of identity fraud. These reasons are disputed by privacy advocates.[4][5] Governments are reluctant to acknowledge privacy concerns.

Although many countries issue biometric passports, few introduced the equipment needed to read them at ports of entry. In the absence of an international standard, it is not possible for one country to read the biometric information in passports issued by another country.

A passport contains a message from the nominal issuing officer, such as the secretary of state or the minister of external affairs. The passport message, usually near the front of a passport, requests that the bearer of the passport be allowed to pass freely, and further requests that, in the event of need, the bearer be granted assistance.


An international conference on passports and through tickets, held by the League of Nations in 1920, recommended that passports be issued in French, historically the language of diplomacy, and one other language. Nowadays, the ICAO recommends that passports be issued in English and French, or in the national language of the issuing country and in either English or French.

source :



A passport is a document, issued by a national government, which certifies, for the purpose of international travel, the identity and nationality of its holder. The elements of identity are name, date of birth, sex, and place of birth. Most often, nationality and citizenship are congruent.

A passport does not of itself entitle the passport holder to consular protection while abroad or any other privileges, in the absence of any special agreements which cover the situation. It does, however, normally entitle the passport holder to return to the country which issued the passport. Rights to consular protection arise from international agreements, and the right to return arises from the laws of the issuing country. A passport does not represent the right or the place of residence of the passport holder in the country which issued the passport.


One of the earliest known reference to what appears to be a passport is found in the Hebrew Bible. In Nehemiah 2:7-9, attributed to the time of the Persian Empire in about 450 BC, it is said that Nehemiah, an official serving King Artaxerxes I of Persia, asked leave to travel to Judea, and the king granted leave and gave him a letter “to the governors beyond the river” requesting safe passage for him as he traveled through their lands.

It is considered unlikely that the term “passport” is derived from sea ports, but is considered likely to derive from a medieval document required to pass through the gate (“porte”) of a city wall. In medieval Europe, such documents were issued to travelers by local authorities, and generally contained a list of towns and cities into which a document holder was permitted to pass. On the whole, documents were not required for travel to sea ports, which were considered open trading points, but documents were required to travel inland from sea ports.

Early passports included a description of the passport holder. Attachment of photographs to passports began in the early decades of the twentieth century, when photography became widespread.

In the latter part of the nineteenth century and up to World War I, passports were not required, on the whole, for international travel in Europe, and crossing a border was easy. Consequently, comparatively few people had passports. The breakdown of the European passport system of the early part of the nineteenth century was a result of rail travel. Trains, used extensively from the mid-nineteenth century onward, traveled rapidly, carried numerous passengers, and crossed many borders. Those factors made enforcement of passport laws difficult. The general reaction was abolition of passport requirements.[1] The Ottoman Empire and the Russian Empire maintained passport requirements for international travel, in addition to an internal-passport system to control travel within it.

During World War I, European governments introduced border passport requirements for security reasons (to keep out spies) and to control emigration of citizens with useful skills, and retaining potential manpower. These controls remained in place after the war, and became standard procedure, though not without controversy. British tourists of the 1920s complained, especially about attached photographs and physical descriptions, which they considered led to a “nasty dehumanisation”.[2]

In 1920, the League of Nations held a conference on passports and through tickets. Passport guidelines resulted from the conference, which was followed up by conferences in 1926 and 1927.

The United Nations held a travel conference in 1963, but passport guidelines did not result from it. Passport standardisation came about in 1980, under the auspices of the International Civil Aviation Organization

source :

Passport Halaman 4-23 / 4-47



Halaman yang digunakan oleh pihak imigrasi untuk melakukan penambahan dan perubahan yang dianggap

perlu dan di sahkan oleh pejabat imigrasi.

Contoh :

1. Penambahan Nama

2. Perubahan Alamat

HALAMAN 5 – 23 atau 5 – 47

Halaman ini di biarkan kosong oleh kantor imigrasi dan akan di isi pada saat akan atau sedang melakukan

perjalanan ke luar negeri, yaitu berupa :


Setiap kita mengajukan permohonan pembuatan VISA di masing-masing kantor kedutaan suatu negara,

dan apabila permohonan tersebut di setujui, maka secara otomatis VISA akan di lengkatkan di dalam

passport tersebut.

2. Stempel Imigrasi

Pada saat meninggalkan suatu negara dan pada saat memasuki suatu wilayah atau negara.

Passport Halaman 2 dan 3


Berisikan identitas si Pemegang Passport yaitu antara lain :

01. Nama Lengkap sesuai dengan Akte Lahir / KTP

02. Nomer Passpor

03. Pas Photo ( di photo di kantor imigrasi pada saat membuat passport )

04. Jenis Kelamin ( Male or Female )

05. Kewarganegaraan

06. Tanggal Lahir

07. Tempat Kelahiran

08. Tanggal Passport tersebut dikeluarkan

09. Tanggal masa berlaku dari passport tersebut

10. Tempat Passport tersebut di keluarkan


Berisikan :

1. Tanda Tangan si pemegang Passport

2. Tanda Tangan Pejabat yang berwenang mengeluarkan passport dan stempel resmi kantor imigrasi


Bagi anak-anak dan orang tua yang tidak bisa melakukan tanda tangan, maka di dalam passport di

tulis : ” UNABLE TO SIGN “

Contoh Isi Passport Hal 1

Halaman 1

Berisikan pengumuman pihak pemerintah yang diwakili oleh Kantor Imigrasi kepada para pemegang passport dan kepada para pejabat imigrasi di berbagai negara ( seluruh dunia )

1. Pemerintah RI memohon kepada semua pihak yang berkepentingan untuk men izin kan kepada pemegang passport ini berlalu secara leluasa dan memberi bantuan serta perlindungan kepadanya.

The Government of the Republic of Indonesia requests all whom it may concern to allow the bearer to pass freely without let or hindrance and afford him/her such assistance and protection”

2. Passport ini berlaku untuk seluruh dunia dan berisikan 24 ( 48 ) halaman.

“This passport contains 24 / 48 pages “

Isi Passport

Paspor berisi biodata pemegangnya, yang meliputi antara lain, foto pemegang, tanda tangan, tempat dan tanggal kelahiran, informasi kebangsaan dan terkadang juga beberapa informasi lain mengenai identifikasi individual. Ada kalanya pula sebuah paspor mencantumkan daftar negara yang tidak boleh dimasuki oleh si pemegang paspor itu. Sebagai contoh, dahulu pemegang paspor Indonesia sempat dilarang berkunjung ke negara Israel dan Taiwan.

Saat ini beberapa negara telah mengeluarkan apa yang disebut e-paspor atau elektronik paspor. e-paspor merupakan pengembangan dari paspor kovensional saat ini dimana pada paspor tersebut telah ditanamkan sebuah chip yang berisikan biodata pemegangnya beserta data biometrik-nya, data biometrik ini disimpan dengan maksud untuk lebih meyakinkan bahwa orang yang memegang paspor adalah benar orang yang memiliki dan berhak atas paspor tersebut.

Paspor biasanya diperlukan untuk perjalanan internasional karena harus ditunjukkan ketika memasuki perbatasan suatu negara, walaupun di negara tertentu ada beberapa perjanjian dimana warga suatu negara tertentu dapat memasuki negara lain dengan dokumen selain paspor. Paspor akan diberi cap (stempel) atau disegel dengan visa yang dilakukan oleh petugas negara tempat kedatangan.



Paspor Indonesia akan Gunakan Sistem e-Passport

MAGELANG, KOMPAS- Dalam periode 2007 atau 2008 Perum Percetakan Uang RI (Peruri) akan mengubah format pencetakan paspor di Indonesia, dengan mengikuti standar internasional, yakni dengan sistem electronic passport (e-passport)

Hal ini disampaikan Direktur Utama Perum Peruri Kusnan Martono, usai memberikan bantuan bagi sejumlah usaha kecil dan menengah yang tersebar di eks Karesidenan Kedu, di Kota Magelang, Kamis (16/11).

Menurut Kusnan, sesungguhnya keamanan pencetakan passpor di Indonesia selama ini sudah tergolong baik. Hanya saja masih terkendala dengan teknologi paspor yang telah berjalan di seluruh dunia, yakni e-passport tersebut.  “Makanya, kita perlu mengubah teknologi pencetakan paspor. Seperti kalau kita ke Singapura, untuk menunjukkan pasport hanya cukup menunjukkan di mesin scan,” ucapnya.

Kusnan menegaskan, mengingat kondisi demikian, Perum Peruri harus memajukan teknologi dalam pencetakan paspor. “Kita harus ke sana. Kalau tidak, paspor kita tak akan bisa masuk ke negara lain. Makanya, teknologinya harus dimajukan. Dan rencananya, kami akan mengubah paspor itu pada 2007 atau 2008 mendatang,” jelasnya.

Meski demikian, Kusnan mengatakan paspor Indonesia sampai saat ini masih berlaku untuk digunakan untuk memasuki negara lain. Namun, itu tak akan berlaku lagi jika sudah diterapkan penggunaan e-passport. “Sekarang ini, orang Indonesia masih bisa menggunakan paspor lama untuk keluar negeri. Tapi kalau sudah diberlakukan standar internasional, mau tidak mau harus menggunakan paspor yang baru,” ucapnya.

Sumber :